Both the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) and the Public Health Service (PHS) Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals mandate that every IACUC perform semiannual reviews of animal facilities and animal procedural areas. If a deficiency is discovered, these regulations require a report in which the deficiency is identified, categorized as major or minor, and includes a reasonable, specific plan and schedule for correction. Failure to resolve a significant deficiency by the scheduled date set forth by the BIACUC shall be reported, where applicable, to the Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW/NIH) and to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA/APHIS).
Inspections are conducted over several days in March and September of each year. Researchers will be notified in advance of the inspection schedule.
The Principal Investigator (PI) of each lab (or designee who is knowledgeable about the animal care and use) is responsible for:
- Being present at the BIACUC inspection;
- Ensuring that all records (e.g. controlled substance log, training records, surgical log, etc.) that pertain to the animal care and use are available for inspection; and
- Responding to a deficiency in a timely fashion, describing the resolution.